The Archaeology of the Ancient Near
© 2010 G.
Kenneth Sams and the University of North Carolina at Chapel
Study Outline #1
The Near East in the Neolithic
(click here for on-site Neolithic images)
Plastered human skull from
Jericho, Pre-Pottery Neolithic B, 8500-7000.
The terminology for the Neolithic Period is
not uniform across the Near East, primarily because archaeologists
working in different regions devised their own terms for these early
periods of settled farming. For example, in Mesopotamia, the term
"Neolithic" gives way to "Ubaid" in the 6th millennium, while in
Anatolia "Chalcolithic" (implying early stirrings of metallurgy
within a primarily stone assemblege for tools) is the standard
designation beginning ca. 5600.
(all dates B.C.)
- Proto-Neolithic (Pre-Pottery
Neolithic A), ca. 9000-8500
- Aceramic Neolithic (Pre-Pottery
Neolithic B), ca. 8500-7000
- (Pottery/Ceramic) Neolithic,
- In Mesopotamia, Ubaid (El Ubaid)
Period, ca. 5900-4000
- In Anatolia, Chalcolithic Period,
- Jericho (Tell al-Sultan), Palestine:
Pre-Pottery Neolithic A-B, defense system, plastered
- Ain Ghazal, Jordan: Aceramic
Neolithic (ca. 8500-7000), clay statuettes, plastered
- Chatal Hoyuk, Anatolia:
Aceramic-Ceramic Neolithic (7th-6th millennia), 12 building levels
of houses ("shrines"), wallpainting, figurines.
- Hacilar, Anatolia: Late (Anatolian)
Neolithic (5700-5600) and Early Chalcolithic (5600-5000),
figurines, painted pottery.
- Eridu, Mesopotamia: Ubaid period,
temple of the water god Enki (phases 18-6).
- carbon-14 (radiocarbon)
- half-timbered construction
- lithic (stone tool)
- terracotta (baked clay)
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#2 / Neolithic Period
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